- C program to check whether a linked list is palindrome or not by reversing linked list.
- Write a function to check palindrome linked list.

Given a linked list of integer, we have to check whether given **linked list is palindrome or not**. A linked list is palindrome, if linked list remains same after reversing it. **Palindrome linked list**'s first node's value should be same as last node's value. Second node's value should be same as second last node's value and so on.

struct node { int data; struct node *next; }

**Algorithm to check palindrome linked list by reversing it.**

Let the name of original linked list is "inputLinkedList".

- Make a copy of the inputLinkedList. Let name is copied linked list be "tempLinkedList".
- Reverse the sequence of nodes of "tempLinkedList".
- Now, compare inputLinkedList and tempLinkedList node by node from head to tail node.
- If both linked list is same, then inputLinkedList is palindrome otherwise not a palindrome linked list.

In this program we are going to use two user defined functions "reverseCopy" and "compareLinkedList". reverseCopy function takes the head node pointer of inputLinkedList and returns a new linked list which is reversed copy of inputLinkedList. It created a reverse copy of inputLinkedList by adding nodes in reverse order.

struct node* reverseCopy(struct node *head) { struct node *newHead = NULL, *temp; /* Input Validation */ if (head == NULL) { printf("Error : Invalid node pointer !!!\n"); return; } while(head != NULL) { temp = (struct node*) malloc(sizeof(struct node)); temp->data = head->data; temp->next = newHead; newHead = temp; head = head->next; } return newHead; }

"compareLinkedList" function takes head pointer of two linked list as input and checks whether both linked lists are identical or not. It compare both linked list node by node from head to tail node.

int compareLinkedList(struct node* LLOne, struct node* LLTwo){ while (LLOne != NULL && LLTwo != NULL) { if (LLOne->data != LLTwo->data) return 0; /* current node of both Linked List is same, hence we will continue comparision till we find unequal nodes or end of both LL*/ LLOne = LLOne->next; LLTwo = LLTwo->next; } /* If both Linked list are equal then both pointer should be NULL here */ return (LLOne == NULL && LLTwo == NULL); }

## C program to check for palindrome linked list

#include <stdio.h> #include <stdlib.h> /* A structure of linked list node */ struct node { int data; struct node *next; } *head; void initialize(){ head = NULL; } /* Given a Inserts a node in front of a singly linked list. */ void insert(int num) { /* Create a new Linked List node */ struct node* newNode = (struct node*) malloc(sizeof(struct node)); newNode->data = num; /* Next pointer of new node will point to head node of linked list */ newNode->next = head; /* make new node as new head of linked list */ head = newNode; } /* It returns a new linked list, after copying nodes in reverse order */ struct node* reverseCopy(struct node *head) { struct node *newHead = NULL, *temp; /* Input Validation */ if (head == NULL) { printf("Error : Invalid node pointer !!!\n"); return; } while(head != NULL) { temp = (struct node*) malloc(sizeof(struct node)); temp->data = head->data; temp->next = newHead; newHead = temp; head = head->next; } return newHead; } int compareLinkedList(struct node* LLOne, struct node* LLTwo){ while (LLOne != NULL && LLTwo != NULL) { if (LLOne->data != LLTwo->data) return 0; /* current node of both Linked List is same, hence we will continue comparision till we find unequal nodes or end of both LL*/ LLOne = LLOne->next; LLTwo = LLTwo->next; } /* If both Linked list are equal then both pointer should be NULL here */ return (LLOne == NULL && LLTwo == NULL); } /* Prints a linked list from head node till tail node */ void printLinkedList(struct node *nodePtr) { while (nodePtr != NULL) { printf("%d", nodePtr->data); nodePtr = nodePtr->next; if(nodePtr != NULL) printf("-->"); } } int main() { struct node *reverseLL; int i, nodeCount, temp; initialize(); /* Creating a linked List*/ printf("Enter number of Nodes in Linked List\n"); scanf("%d", &nodeCount); printf("Enter %d integers\n", nodeCount); for(i = 0; i < nodeCount; i++){ scanf("%d", &temp); insert(temp); } printf("\nLinked List\n"); printLinkedList(head); /* Reverse Input Linked List */ reverseLL = reverseCopy(head); if(compareLinkedList(head, reverseLL)){ printf("\nPalindrome Linked List\n"); } else { printf("\nNot a Palindrome Linked List\n"); } return 0; }Output

Enter number of Nodes in Linked List 5 Enter 5 integers 1 2 3 2 1 Linked List 1-->2-->3-->2-->1 Palindrome Linked List

Enter number of Nodes in Linked List 6 Enter 6 integers 1 2 3 4 5 6 Linked List 6-->5-->4-->3-->2-->1 Not a Palindrome Linked List