# Java Program to Swap Two Numbers Without Using Third Variable

• How to swap values of two variable without using temporary variable in Java.
• Write a program in java to swap two variable using third variable.

Given two numbers, we have to swap the value of two numbers. Let A and B be the two input numbers, we have to interchange their values as follows:

Input
A = 5, B = 2
Output
A = 2, B = 5

## Java program to swap two numbers without using third variable.

Algorithm to swap two numbers without using temporary variable
Let A and B be the numbers we want to swap.
• Add A and B and store the result in A(A = A + B).
• Subtract B from A and store the result in B(B = A - B).
• Subtract B from A again and store the result in A(A = A - B).
The sum of the two integers may be more than the range of integer data type. In this case, you will get wrong result.

package com.tcc.java.programs;

import java.util.*;

public class SwapTwoNumbers {
public static void main(String args[]) {
int A, B;

Scanner in = new Scanner(System.in);
System.out.println("Enter First Integer(A)");
A = in.nextInt();
System.out.println("Enter Second Integer(B)");
B = in.nextInt();

// Swapping A and B without using third variable
A = A + B;
B = A - B;
A = A - B;

System.out.println("After Swapping");
System.out.println("A = " + A + "\nB = " + B);
}
}
Output
Enter First Integer(A)
4
Enter Second Integer(B)
6
After Swapping
A = 6
B = 4

## Java program to swap two variables using third temporary variable

In this program, we are using a temporary variable to avoid integer range overflow problem as described above.

package com.tcc.java.programs;

import java.util.*;

public class SwapTwoNumbersThirdVariable {
public static void main(String args[]) {
int A, B, temp;

Scanner in = new Scanner(System.in);
System.out.println("Enter First Integer(A)");
A = in.nextInt();
System.out.println("Enter Second Integer(B)");
B = in.nextInt();

// Swapping A and B using a temporary variable
temp = A;
A = B;
B = temp;

System.out.println("After Swapping");
System.out.println("A = " + A + "\nB = " + B);
}
}
Output
Enter First Integer(A)
2
Enter Second Integer(B)
8
After Swapping
A = 8
B = 2

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